Cancer Awareness

Early diagnosis of cancer can lead to treatment that can save lives. Cancer that’s diagnosed at an early stage, before it’s had the chance to spread is more likely to be treated successfully. If the cancer has spread, treatment becomes more difficult, and generally a person’s chances of surviving are much lower.

Below are some examples of how spotting cancer early can make a real difference:

  • Bowel cancer More than nine in 10 bowel cancer patients will survive the disease for more than 5 years if diagnosed at the earliest stage.
  • Breast cancer More than 90% of women diagnosed with breast cancer at the earliest stage survive their disease for at least 5 years compared to around 15% for women diagnosed with the most advanced stage of disease.
  • Lung cancer Around 70% of lung cancer patients will survive for at least a year if diagnosed at the earliest stage compared to around 5% for people diagnosed with the most advanced stage of disease

Why are some cancers diagnosed late?

One out of every four cases of cancer in the UK is diagnosed during an emergency admission to hospital, and in general, people diagnosed in this way have lower chances of survival compared with other cancer patients due to the late diagnosis of their conditions.

There are numerous factors that could contribute to a late or delayed diagnosis of cancer, for example:

  • Lack of knowledge and low awareness of symptoms associated with cancer
  • People delay visiting their GP or seeking medical advice because they are worried about what may be found or a failure to understand or believe the value of early diagnosis
  • Delays in GPs referring patients for tests or treatment or delays in getting an appointment at the hospital
  • Some cancers do not present any symptoms until the disease has progressed to a later stage
  • Screening is not available for all types of cancer

To aid early diagnosis of cancer, it is important to be aware of your body and any changes or symptoms that occur and seek medical advice as soon as possible. Additionally taking part in any screening programmes available to you will help to reduce the risk of a late diagnosis and increase the chance of survival.

If you have any of the following symptoms:
Unexpected bleeding, like blood in your poo, pee or spit
Unexplained lump
Unexplained pain that lasts three weeks or more 
Persistent cough that lasts three weeks or more
Unexplained weight loss 
You should contact your GP practice to arrange a check.
It may be nothing serious – in fact, more than 9 out of 10 people are not diagnosed with cancer. 

Cancer Screening

That’s why it’s also important to take part in routine cancer screening when invited. 

There are three types of cancer screening for adults in England, breast, bowel and cervical. Taking advantage of regular cancer screening programmes available to you can significantly improve the chances of catching any cancers in their early, and therefore more easily treatable, stages.

Find out more about cancer screening here.

The way you make an appointment may have changed, but your GP practice is open for check-ups and screenings and healthcare professionals are available to see you safely. 

Reducing your risk of cancer

Making some simple changes to your lifestyle can significantly reduce your risk of developing cancer. For example:  

  • healthy eating
  • taking regular exercise
  • not smoking
  • limit alcohol intake
  • maintaining a healthy weight
  • protecting your skin from sun damage
  • practice safe sex to avoid certain infections (such as HPV or hepatitis)
  • avoid cancer risks in the workplace, specifically exposure to chemicals or radiation.

Alongside these lifestyle changes, you should also make sure you take time to get to know your body and what is normal for you, making sure to take note if you have any new symptoms such as unexplained bleeding or lump